WAYNE COUNTY, WEST VIRGINIA MILITARY LEGACY

Written And Compiled By Waukesha Lowe Sammons

Copyright 2017               info@perrycountykentuckymilitarylegacy               All Rights Reserved

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AMERICAN CIVIL WAR (1861 - 1865)

WAYNE COUNTY, WEST VIRGINIA SOLDIERS, SAILORS, AIRMEN, MARINES

REMEMBER AND NAME, A - E

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DESCENDANTS OF OUR ~ NATIVE AMERICAN ~ CASTLE ~ WOOTON ~ BRADSHAW ~ FERGUSON ~ SAMMONS ~ LINE,

WHICH BEGAN WITH JACOB CASTLE, A LONGHUNTER EXPLORER AND HIS WIFE,

SOWEGE GLIDING SWAN OF THE PEKOWI DIVISION OF THE SHAWNEE TRIBE-WYANDOT (HURONS) – METIS.

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IN 1863 AMID THE CHAOS OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR, THE WESTERN PART OF VIRGINIA, INCLUDING WAYNE COUNTY, WAS ADMITTED TO THE UNION AS THE THIRTY-FIFTH STATE AND WAS GIVEN THE NAME OF WEST VIRGINIA.

THE 1890 VETERANS SCHEDULES OF CIVIL WAR MILITARY SERVICE WAS FOR UNION SOLDIERS ONLY.  BUT IN WAYNE COUNTY, WEST VIRGINIA, CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS DEFIED AUTHORITIES BY HAVING THEIR NAMES AND MILITARY SERVICE LISTED WITH THE UNION SOLDIERS.  LATER A LINE WAS DRAWN ACROSS THE CONFEDERATE DATA, BUT THE WORDS WERE STILL READABLE.  EQUAL DOCUMENTATION OF ALL MILITARY SERVICE IN THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR OCCURRED IN WAYNE COUNTY, WEST VIRGINIA.

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FERGUSON’S GUYANDOTTE BATTALION, SIXTEENTH REGIMENT, VIRGINIA CAVALRY, CONFEDERATE STATES ARMY OF WAYNE COUNTY, VIRGINIA, WHICH BECAME WAYNE COUNTY, WEST VIRGINIA IN 1863.
~ ASSIGNED TO JENKINS’ AND MCCAUSLAND’S BRIGADE.
~ THE BATTLE OF DROOP MOUNTAIN.  THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG.


FAIRVIEW RIFLE GUARDS, AKA BIG SANDY RANGERS, BECAME COMPANY K, EIGHTH REGIMENT, VIRGINIA CAVALRY, CONFEDERATE STATES ARMY OF WAYNE COUNTY, VIRGINIA; BECOMING WAYNE COUNTY, WEST VIRGINIA IN 1863.
~ ATTACHED TO JONES’ CAVALRY BRIGADE.
~ GENERAL EARLY’S SHANENDOAH VALLEY OPERATIONS.  APPOMATTOX CAMPAIGN.

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BALL

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BALL, GEORGE W. (ca 1824- after 1880 Census), CONFEDERATE STATES ARMY, AMERICAN CIVIL WAR.
HOMETOWN:  Forks Twelve Pole, Wayne County, Virginia, U.S.A.
OTHER RESIDENCE:  Grant, Wayne County, West Virginia
DATE OF BIRTH:  circa 1824 in Virginia.
PARENTS:  Sarah Wilson and Robert Ball.
GRANDPARENTS:  Elizabeth Tunnell and George Ball.
GREAT-GRANPARENTS:  Ann Nancy Brashear and Moses Ball I.
SPOUSE:  First wed, Eleanor Ellender Lambert.  Second wed, Nancy Pauley, widow of William Marshall Dean.  Nancy was the daughter of Mary Elizabeth Ferguson and Hiram Pauley.
ENTERED SERVICE FROM:  Virginia.
ENLISTMENT DATE:  6 September 1862.
RANK:  Private.
BRANCH OF SERVICE:  Cavalry.
COMBAT ORGANIZATION:  Ferguson’s Guyandotte Battalion, Company G, 16th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry.
DATE OF DEATH:  after the 1880 Census.
SOURCES:  National Park Service Soldiers And Sailors.  The Brashear Story A Family History by Troy L. Back and Leon Brashear.  U. S. Civil War Soldiers, 1864-1865.  U. S. Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865.
NOTE:  I placed my husband’s first-cousin-five-times removed, George W. Ball on my ~ Sammons Bradshaw Ferguson Wooton Castle Hopkins Daniel Spencer; McCoy Stafford Stanley May Rutherford Brashear Williamson Ball ~ In-law Family Tree, that I created on Ancestry.

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BRADSHAW

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DESCENDANTS OF OUR ~ NATIVE AMERICAN ~ CASTLE ~ WOOTON ~ BRADSHAW ~ FERGUSON ~ SAMMONS ~ LINE,

WHICH BEGAN WITH JACOB CASTLE, A LONGHUNTER EXPLORER AND HIS WIFE,

SOWEGE GLIDING SWAN OF THE PEKOWI DIVISION OF THE SHAWNEE TRIBE-WYANDOT (HURONS) – METIS.

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        James Alfred Bradshaw, Sr.(ca 1836 – 1865), Civil War Confederate States Army Soldier,              
Prisoner of War Death in a Union Military Prison at Fort Delaware.
Son of Rebecca Ferguson (2nd wife) and James Skelton Bradshaw.  Husband of Anna Wooton.
Father of Rebecca Jane, James Alfred, Jr., Selina and Rachael Frances.
Half-brother to Henry C. Bradshaw (ca 1842 – 1894), Twice Wounded, Civil War Union Soldier
Hometown on 5 July 1860:  Forks Twelve Pole, Wayne County, Virginia.
20 June 1863, Wayne County became part of West Virginia, the 35th State of the Union
Military Enlistment:  6 September 1862.
Confederate States Army, Private, Company H, 16th Virginia Cavalry,
AKA Ferguson’s (Guyandotte) Battalion, Cavalry.


         The Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1 – 3, 1863:  Private James Alfred Bradshaw of 

Ferguson’s 16th Virginia Cavalry, Jenkins’ Brigade, Stuart’s Cavalry Division,

Hill’s Third Army Corps, and General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia.


The Battle of Droop Mountain in West Virginia, 6 November 1863.
15 February 1864, Captured By Col. George Gallup’s Union Army 14th Kentucky Infantry
Became a Prisoner of War in the Skirmish at Laurel Creek, Wayne County, West Virginia.
Died 22 March 1865 as a Prisoner of War in a Union Military Prison at Fort Delaware.
Buried in a Mass Trench Grave.
Eighteen Days After His Death, General Robert E. Lee Surrendered.
 1910 Confederate Civil War Prisoner of War Monument, Finn’s Point National Cemetery:
Carved on one bronze panel:  BRADSHAW, JAS., Company H, 16 VA CAV. Regiment.
In 2014 The Fort Delaware Society received identification for James Alfred Bradshaw, Sr.
from Waukesha Lowe Sammons, wife of his great-great-grandson, Calvin Ray Sammons.

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BRADSHAW, JAMES ALFRED BRADSHAW, SR. (ca 1836 – 1865), BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG, BATTLE OF DROOP MOUNTAIN, CAPTURED IN THE SKIRMISH AT LAUREL CREEK, DIED A PRISONER OF WAR AT UNION MILITARY PRISON, FORT DELAWARE, CONFEDERATE STATES ARMY, AMERICAN CIVIL WAR.
HOMETOWN:  Forks Twelve Pole, Wayne County, Virginia.
OTHER RESIDENCE:  Cabell County, Virginia.  Union Military Prisoner of War Camp, Fort Delaware. 
DATE OF BIRTH:  circa 1836 in Cabell County, Virginia, USA.  In 1842 part of Cabell County became Wayne County, Virginia.  In 1863 Wayne County became part of the new Union state of West Virginia.
PARENTS:  Rebecca Ferguson (second wife) and James Skelton Bradshaw.  (James Skelton’s first wife was Mary Violet McCoy, second wife was Rebecca Ferguson and third wife was Elizabeth Brown.)
MATERNAL GRANDPARENTS:  Mary E. Lucy Stokes and Samuel Ferguson, Jr.
MATERNAL GREAT-GRANDPARENTS:  Mary Jameson and Samuel Ferguson, Sr., an Irish Immigrant, a British Army Major and an American Revolutionary War Soldier in the Virginia Militia.
PATERNAL GRANDPARENTS:  Hannah Bates and Charles Bradshaw.
PATERNAL GREAT-GRANDPARENTS:  Susannah Hutcheson and William Bradshaw.
PATERNAL HALF-BROTHER:  Twice Wounded, Union Civil War Soldier, Henry Clay Bradshaw (1842-1894), Son of Elizabeth Brown (third wife) and James Skelton Bradshaw.  Henry served in Company A and H, 25th Regiment, Missouri Infantry Volunteers, Union Army, Civil War.  Henry married Nancy Ann Fritts.
PATERNAL UNCLE:  Jeremiah Bradshaw (1807 Kentucky – 1891 Nebraska), Private, Company B, 4th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Union Army, American Civil War.  Jeremiah was the son of Hannah Bates and Charles Bradshaw.  Jeremiah married Azuba Eliza Doolittle.
PATERNAL COUSIN:  Henry L. Bradshaw (1832-1863), Private, Company B, 4th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Union Army, Civil War.  On 27 November 1863, Henry suffered a Gun Shot Wound in the left lung in the Battle of Ringgold Gap and Died Of Wounds two days later on 29 November 1863 in a Union Hospital, Saylor Ridge, Georgia.  Henry was the son of Azuba Eliza Doolittle and Jeremiah Bradshaw.  Henry married Mary E. Long.  Source:  U. S. Register of Deaths of Volunteers.
SPOUSE:  Anna Wooton, born Lawrence County, Kentucky, was the daughter of Sarah Jane Castle and Thomas Alfred Wooton; and she was the granddaughter of Phoebe Worth and Silas Pennix Wooton, an American Revolutionary War Soldier.  Anna was the Great-great-granddaughter of  Jacob Castle, a Longhunter Explorer and his wife, Sowege Gliding Swan of the Pekowi Division of Shawnee Tribe-Wyandot (Hurons) – Metis.
CHILDREN:  Rebecca Jane Bradshaw, who wed Harvey Noe.  James Alfred Bradshaw, Jr., who wed Viania Lycans.  Selina Bradshaw.  Rachael Frances Bradshaw, who married Andrew Jackson Sammons, who was the son of Nancy Cox and Rowland Salmons II.
GREAT-GREAT-GRANDSON:  Calvin Ray Sammons, son of Mary Magdalene “Maggie” McCoy and Rufus Burgess “Bear” Sammons, U. S. Navy, World War II.
ENTERED SERVICE FROM:  Wayne County, Virginia, which became part of the new state of West Virginia on the 30 June 1863.
ENLISTMENT DATE: 6 September 1862 in Wayne County, Virginia.
DISCHARGE DATE:  22 March 1865, Prisoner of War Death at Fort Delaware.
RANK:  Private.
BRANCH OF SERVICE:  Confederate Army Cavalry.
COMBAT ORGANIZATION:  Company H, Ferguson’s Battalion (Guyandotte Battalion), 16th Virginia Cavalry, Confederate States Army.  At the Battle of Gettysburg, Company H, 16th Virginia Cavalry, was attached to Albert Gallatin Jenkins’ Brigade of Major General J. E. B. Stuart’s Cavalry Division.
BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG, JULY 1 – 3, 1863:
                                                                                                                                             ~ 1 July 1863, “Stuart’s Cavalry Division marched from Dover to Carlisle.  Received information that the Confederate Army was congregating at Gettysburg.”
“Confederate forces led by Lieutenant General Ambrose P. Hill and Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell, were able to drive the outnumbered Federal defenders back through town to Cemetery Hill. ... General Robert E. Lee gave discretionary orders to attack Cemetery Hill to Ewell, who had taken command of the Army of Northern Virginia’s Second Corps. ... Ewell declined to order the attack."
~ 2 July 1863, “The advance near Gettysburg late in the afternoon engaged with Custer’s Cavalry Brigade at Hunterstown on the left and rear of Early’s Division.  Stuart’s Cavalry was on the left flank of the Confederate Army.”
~ 3 July 1863, “Jenkins’ Brigade had been with [General Richard S.] Ewell’s Corps, but rejoined the Cavalry Division Here [at the sight of the C. S. A. Jenkins’ Brigade Tablet monument], on this day about noon.  It was armed with Enfield Rifles.  But by an oversight, brought to this Field only about ten rounds of ammunition.  While this lasted, it was actively engaged mainly on foot as sharpshooters around and in front of the Rummel Barn and out-houses.  It was withdrawn from the field at an early hour in the evening.  Losses were not reported.”
     “Stuart’s Cavalry Division engaged with 2nd Union Cavalry Division and 2nd Brigade 3rd Cavalry Division on the Confederate left about 1 P. M.”
~ 4 July 1863, “No engagement.  The Confederate Army took up the line of march during the night [retreating in defeat].”
Source:  History, Battle of Gettysburg; history.com.  The Battle of Gettysburg; stonesentinels.com.   List of Monuments of the Gettysburg Battlefield; wikipedia.org.
BATTLES, CAMPAIGNS, THEATRES:  Battle of Gettysburg.  Battle of Droop Mountain.  Skirmish at Laurel Creek, Wayne County, West Virginia.
CAPTURED BY THE UNION ARMY AT THE SKIRMISH AT LAUREL CREEK, WAYNE COUNTY, WEST VIRGINIA, 15 FEBRUARY 1864:  Bradshaw was moved to Louisa, Kentucky to Cincinnati McLean Barracks in Ohio to Louisville Military Prison in Kentucky and transported by rail to Fort Delaware.
DATE OF DEATH:  22 March 1865 as a Prisoner of War (eighteen days before General Robert E. Lee surrendered).
PLACE OF DEATH:  Fort Delaware Union Military Prison.
STATUS:  A Prisoner of War Death at Fort Delaware.
DISPOSITION:  Buried in a mass grave.
BURIAL:  Dead Confederate soldiers were taken across the Delaware River and buried in trenches in Salem County, New Jersey.
CEMETERY:  In 1875 the burial grounds became Finn’s Point New Jersey National Cemetery.
MONUMENT:  In 1910 a Confederate Monument was erected to honor the Prisoners of War, who died at Fort Delaware.
MEMORIALIZED:  On a bronze panel on the north face, upper level of the monument was the name, BRADSHAW, JAS., Company H, 16 VA CAV.
SOURCES:  Bradshaw Genealogy Descendants of Charles Bradshaw #2 & Hannah Bates, Generations 1 – 5 By Mark B. Arslan.  Census Records.  Fort Delaware Society.  History, Battle of Gettysburg; history.com.  List of Monuments of the Gettysburg Battlefiedl; wikipedia.org.  Military Records.  Our Family Secrets, A Heritage Cookbook by Calvin Ray Sammons and Waukesha Lowe Sammons, 2007.  Shawnee Heritage, Shawnee Genealogy And Family History by Don Greene and Noel Schutz.  The Andrew Jackson Sammons & Rachael Frances Bradshaw Family, A Genealogical View by Waukesha Lowe Sammons, 2017.  The Battle of Gettysburg; stonesentinels.com.
NOTE:  I placed my husband’s great-great-grandfather, James Alfred Bradshaw, Sr. on my ~ Sammons Bradshaw Ferguson Wooton Castle Hopkins Daniel Spencer; McCoy Stafford Stanley May Rutherford Brashear Williamson Ball ~ In-law Tree, that I created on Ancestry.    

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CORNS

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CORNS, JAMES, JR. (1837-1894), SHENANDOAH VALLEY OPERATIONS, APPOMATTOX CAMPAIGN, CONFEDERATE STATES ARMY, AMERICAN CIVIL WAR.
HOMETOWN:  Forks Twelve Pole, Wayne County, West Virginia, USA.
OTHER RESIDENCE:  England.  Lived in Illinois at age 7.  On the 1860 U. S. Census, lived in  Wayne County, Virginia.  Union, Wayne County, West Virginia.
DATE OF BIRTH:  1837 in Wales or in England.
PARENTS:  Susannah Jane Dare and James Corns, Sr.
SPOUSE:  Lucretia Agnes Rutherford, wed in 1868 in Wayne County, West Virginia.  Lucretia was the daughter of Vesta Adkins and Elliott Rutherford.
OCCUPATION:  Architect.
1860 U. S. CENSUS:  Wayne County, Virginia, James Corns, age 47, born England.  Jane age 46, born England.  James, age 22, born in England.
ENTERED SERVICE FROM:  Virginia.
ENLISTMENT DATE:  28 May 1861.
DISCHARGE DATE:  4 February 1865.
RANK:  Captain, in.  Promoted to Full Colonel on 15 May 1862.  Colonel, out.
BRANCH OF SERVICE:  Cavalry.
COMBAT ORGANIZATION:  Company E and K, 8th Virginia Cavalry, Confederate States Army, Civil War.
BATTLES, CAMPAIGNS, THEATRES:  Shenandoah Valley Operations.  Appomattox Campaign.
DATE OF DEATH:  2 December 1894, West Virginia.
CEMETERY:  Mount Vernon Cemetery, Wayne, Wayne County, West Virginia.
SOURCES:  Census.  Findagrave.  National Park Service Soldiers And Sailors.  Obituary.  The Virginia Regimental Histories Series.  U. S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865.  U. S. Civil War Soldier Records And Profiles.  West Virginia, Marriages index, 1785-1971.  West Virginia Vital Research Records.
KINSHIP:  Lucretia Agnes Rutherford was my husband’s second-cousin-four-times-removed.
NOTE:  I placed James Corns, Jr. on my ~ Sammons Bradshaw Ferguson Wooton Castle Hopkins Daniel Spencer; McCoy Stafford Stanley May Rutherford Brashear Williamson Ball ~ In-law Family Tree, that I created on Ancestry.

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